About

Canada, as a place with a big amount of landscapes, seascapes, flora and fauna, is the largest country in North America and the second in the world by area. This country is famous for very high standards of living. For instance, Canada is ranked among the highest in international measurements of government transparency, education, quality of life, civil liberties, economic freedom. Moreover, this country is known for its peacekeeping efforts and respect for human rights. Due to the historic heritage, it is common in Canada to know two languages: English and French. There is one interesting fact that in Canada more than 80% of citizens live in cities.

More about Canada

Interesting facts about Canada

Capital
Ottawa
Population
35 851 800
Number of migrants
1 175 900
Timezone
UTC -2.5 to -7
Currency
CAD
Minimal salary
CA$ 1,765 (US$ 1,325)
HDI Rank
Number of international airports
19
Index of English proficiency
English is one of the national languages
Higher education

There is one interesting fact that in Canada the constitutional responsibility for higher education is rested on the provinces of Canada. This means that there are different rules in higher education in every province. However, the organization of study programs is similar. There is a difference only between Quebec and rest Canada. In Quebec college is a pre-university program and in rest Canada college is a community college or technical school, where students can get a diploma, certificate or associate's degree. Moreover, universities offer Bachelor's, Master's and doctoral programs in different science fields. Furthermore, Canadians pay near C$ 6,090 (US$ 4,570) for undergraduate and postgraduate courses, international undergraduate students pay about C$ 14,420 (US$ 10,820) and international postgraduate students pay near C$ 43,010 (US$ 32,285).

More about higher education


Schooling

School education is compulsory in Canada for children from 5 or 6 to 16 or 18 years, depending on the province. The school year starts in August and ends in June. Since Canada is a bilingual country, parents can choose between English-speaking and French-speaking schools. Furthermore, parents can choose between private and public schools or home education. Moreover, there is no tuition fee for public school attendance.


Kindergartens

Preschool is not obligatory in Canada. There are two kinds of preschools in Canada: 1) early childhood education (for children two-and-a-half years old); 2) junior-kindergarten or kindergarten school programs (for children four or five years old). Almost all the preschools in Canada are private and have their own approach.

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Healthcare

Everybody, who lives in Canada has to apply for public health insurance that is paid through taxes. If you have it, you don't have to pay for basic services. Furthermore, it is publicly funded and administered on a provincial basis. However, private insurance, which is usually offered by employer, includes more services. For instance, dental services, which are not included in public healthcare. In general, Canadians spend about C$ 4,695 (US$ 3,520) per capita on health care.


Salary requirements for highly-skilled workers (2017)

Highly skilled migrants are not entitled to the minimum wage.

More about salaries for highly skilled migrants 


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