About

The United Kingdom is a developed country, which is commonly called UK or Britain. The UK is the 78th-largest independent state in the world, but at the same time this country is smaller than the U.S. state of Oregon. Britain consists of four parts - England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Moreover, the UK has the world's fifth-largest economy by nominal GDP. For instance, London, as a financial center, housing near 100 TNCs (transnational corporations).

The most attractive cities, that are worth visiting are: London, Belfast, Birmingham, Bristol, Cardiff, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Liverpool, Manchester. Furthermore, the United Kingdom has the second largest cluster of educational institutes in the world. There are three universities in the UK among world top ten.

More about the United Kingdom

Interesting facts about the United Kingdom

Capital
London
Population
65 100 000
Number of migrants
8 500 000
Timezone
UTC +0
Currency
GBP
Minimal salary
£ 1,282 ($ 1,685)
HDI Rank
Number of international airports
24
Index of English proficiency
English is a national language
Higher education

For university entrance students in the UK have to pass A-Levels (Advanced Level examinations). Higher education in the UK is not compulsory. There are three degree programs: 1) undergraduate (BA (Bachelor of Arts), BEng (Bachelor of Engineering), and BSc (Bachelor of Science)); 2) postgraduate; 3) PhD. Furthermore, students can get some finance help from the UK government. Universities are allowed to charge from students from the UK the EU up to £ 3,050 ($ 3,830) per year, for other international students from £ 3,980 ($ 5,000) per year up to £ 17,920 ($ 22,495) per year or more.


Schooling

School education is compulsory in the UK for children from 5 to 16 years, but in England this age is between 5 and 18 and in Northern Ireland the compulsory age is from 4 years. Primary school is from 5 to 11, secondary - from 11. There are more children who attend state school in the UK, because all children are eligible for getting a free place there. Only 7% go to private schools, where taxes are quite expensive. Furthermore, there are 4 types of state schools in the UK: 1) community school; 2) foundation school; 3) trust school; 4) voluntary-aided (religious or “faith”) school.

At secondary school children study 10-15 subjects (English, Maths, Science, Design and Technology, Information and Communication Technology (ICT), History, Geography, Modern Foreign Languages, Art and Design, Music, Citizenship, Physical Education).

After school graduation, children take GCSE (General Certificate of Secondary Education) state examinations.


Kindergartens

In the UK nobody calls pre-school education as kindergarten. Children attending nursery schools before starting compulsory education. The most amount of kindergartens are private. The kindergartens vary in England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales. Moreover, there are half-day and full-day kindergartens.


Healthcare

Healthcare is different in England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales. But there is NHS (National Health Service) in the UK, which is common for these countries. In 2014 the UK healthcare system took the first place in the world in such categories as: Quality of Care (i.e. effective, safe, coordinated, patient-oriented), Access to Care, Efficiency, and Equity. The most number of people in the UK opted for public medical insurance. Moreover, most of the treatment you will ever need is available for free on the NHS.

More about health care system


Salary requirements for highly-skilled workers (2017)

For software developers: for entry level minimum salary starts from £ 23,830 ($ 29,000) per year and for experienced - from £ 30,850 ($ 38,720) per year.

More information about salaries


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