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Expat stories

Oleksandr Kucherenko photo
20 Months In Ireland: My Relocation Story
Oleksandr Kucherenko
From Ukraine to Ireland

20 Months In Ireland: My Relocation Story

This article was originally published in Russian on DOU.

Facebook has reminded me that, exactly this time a year ago, I was walking in London at night, waiting for the change of planes to Kyiv. I was going home after I had spent 20 months in Ireland.

I would like to tell another story about my coming back from Europe and to try to answer honestly all the questions that I have been asked during this year. The questions that I just haven’t had time to answer in detail.

So, the offer to work as an automation engineer in Dublin appeared suddenly. Before, I had rejected all the vacancies for the positions abroad, but this time I started thinking about it as I had always been really interested in Ireland. First of all, it’s not trite. Ireland has caught the eye of Ukrainian IT people over the past couple of years. Secondly, it’s a beautiful country and I wanted to compare the pictures to reality. Thirdly, I’m keen on Irish music.

Relocation 

It took me about two months to relocate:

  1. All the interview stages: with a recruiter, technicians, and the CTO of the company. The recruiters are tenacious and they always keep you informed. The technicians and the management in my case were good as well.
  2. Job offer, signing of the contract. You shouldn’t jump at the first offer, you can haggle over some better conditions.
  3. Preparation of work permit documents. There is nothing unusual. I didn’t even have to translate the documents about education. If you have experience according to their specialty of more than 5 years, you don’t need a certificate of degree.
  4. Waiting for the grant of work permit (the longest period of time, almost a month).
  5. Getting a visa. You should address the Consulate of the Republic of Ireland in Kyiv but the decision is made by the Irish Consulate in Moscow, so they can call you from there to ask for some additional documents (e.g. a CV).
  6. Flight and accommodation to the new country.

Actually, everything was quite easy and no stage caused any real difficulties. However, the Irish visa has a considerable disadvantage — it only enables you to stay in the Republic of Ireland (not the Schengen area, Great Britain, nor even Northern Ireland is available).

Usually companies provide a relocation bonus and some of them may rent a temporary accommodation to you. However, I had to find accommodations on my own. As soon as I arrived, I rented a room in a more or less good hostel near my work and started to look for an apartment. The real estate rental market had already been overloaded, so I was very lucky to rent a small flat in the city centre that cost €700. Most of my colleagues with their families were charged €1300 for an apartment with two bedrooms. Now, they say it’s impossible to find something appropriate that costs less than €1500. Everything that is cheaper attracts loads of potential lessees, sometimes more than 10 people per one showing. Meanwhile, the prices are rising constantly each year. Here you can see relevant advertisements for the area.

The mortgage interest rates are not high at 3-4%. The price of a good two-room apartment or a semi-detached house starts at €200 000. Nowadays, people who want to buy a dwelling are lining up in the streets.

Electricity bills come once every two months and they are between €150 and €300. The cheapest wired Internet is €45. Until 2015, running water had been free but since then it has cost €150 per person per year. It caused massive strikes but the charge hasn’t been abolished. People who have gas-heaters pay €100–200 more per month.

Work, salary, and expenses

There are many IT companies in Dublin. There are branches of Google, Facebook, Twitter, Microsoft, IBM, Intel, Ebay, Amazon, and loads of other well-known companies. A lot of them are European Headquarters but all of them include development centers. The last six months of my stay, I was working two floors higher than Twitter and I even ate the cake they presented us for at an office warming party.

According to the work permit system, it’s quite hard to change your working place there during the first year or two. To do this before 12 months is possible only if you are discharged and only if you manage to get a work permit for a new company.

After two years, you are able to get a work permit that is not attached to a company and you can choose an employer more freely. All this refers to professions which are ‘critical’ and, of course, to IT specialists.

IT salaries, even subtracting taxes, are a bit higher than Ukrainian salaries but it is completely leveled by the rent. To make it obvious, let’s take three Kyiv seniors, a software engineer, an automation QA, and a manual QA, relocate them to Dublin and see what we get:

All the sums are estimated for people who don’t have families. Here you can count more precisely how much money you’ll earn every month based on the annual salary. If you are interested in further information about the salaries of different positions, here is the report.

To conclude on the topic of money, it is estimated that a senior software engineer, after he pays for rent (€1200-1500), public utility payments (€200-400), mobile communication, food, and commute, will have €1500.

By the way, transport is expensive and poorly run:

  • DART (city electric train). There is only one branch line that goes along the coast through the capital and suburbs. The average trip costs €4.
  • Luas (tram). It costs about €2 and there are only two branch lines.
  • Dublin bus (double-decker busses). The advantages include free Wi-Fi and the fact that the front seats on the top floor have a great view. The rest: you have to pay the fare by coins or card and you get the change with cheques. If you pay by card, you have to tell the driver your stop for the correct sum to be withdrawn from your card. However the drivers often don’t know the names of the stops. And, moreover, the traffic turns aside from the timetable.
  • Taxi. The trip from the airport to the southern part of the centre of Dublin, where I lived, costs about €25 and there is a surcharge for every additional passenger.
  • Intercity trains are quite comfortable but expensive, you pay about €70 to travel from one edge of the country to another (three hours).
  • DublinBikes is a chain of city bike stations around the whole centre of Dublin. It’s cheap and comfortable (€20 per year). A lot of people use it.

Medical service

I can’t tell anything about medical service as I haven’t used them. But, according to my colleagues, the problems are the same as in other European countries: general practitioners are low-skilled. Whatever you feel, they offer you some paracetamol.

Weather

Irish weather is known for being bad, but I didn’t think that. The temperature during the year is comfortable. On average in winter, it’s 5°C above zero and, in summer, it’s 17°C above zero. There is neither heat nor freezing cold. It rains more often than in Kyiv but mainly for short periods of time. The grass is green during the whole year and there are even small palm trees. But, there is no spring weather. In April and May when the weather in Kyiv wakes up and everything blossoms, in Dublin, it feels like winter (8°C above zero).

About people

Irish people are quite friendly and cheerful. They treat immigrants well. Perhaps it is because a lot of them in their time have left the country themselves and they know how hard it can be. Among the immigrants, there are a lot of Polish people. People even say that the Polish language is more common than Irish. They try to solve the language problem by learning Gaelic in school, but its popularity is very low.

There aren’t many Ukrainians in Ireland, but, as an example, during my stay, three more fellow countrymen joined the company I worked for. Besides, I often dealt with interviews and saw the number of Ukrainian software engineers and QAs’ resumes growing.

Now I’ll try to answer the main question. I haven’t come back because I felt bad there and feel good here. I’d felt good before I went there, when I was there and after I’d returned. Moving there I initially was going to come back in a couple of years. This is the reason. All in all, it was good and useful experience.

If you are really thinking about relocation, my only recommendation is to choose the company thoroughly. If it’s not Google, you should read the reviews on Glassdoor and ask questions to the ex-employees on Linkedin. High level of employee turnover is the main marker that not everything is good within the company. You should always haggle over the salary, based on the average market indices and demand some good relocation bonuses. And, of course, use your imagination in order to see your new life in detail. It’ll help you to make the right choice.

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Salary calculator

€ 35000

A minimum base salary for relocation starts at € 35000 per year, while more leading roles (architects, team leads) can bring you gross annual income of € 70000, without bonuses.

*The figures are imprecise and reflect the approximate salary range in this country. Keep in mind that the salaries you’re offered when relocating may differ from those you can get already living in the country.

Annual net income:
€ 28620 $ 0000

Monthly net income:
€ 2385 $ 0000

Explore cities

General

Dublin, as the largest city in Ireland, is the capital of this country. Dublin is listed by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network (GaWC) as a global city. It is a center for education, administration, economy, and industry. There is one interesting fact that the city center is quite small, so it can be navigated by foot or by bike. The city has over 120 miles of cycle tracks. You can cycle from one side of the Dublin city to another in half an hour!

10th

richest city by personal income

50%

of the population is less than 25-years of age

1200+

startups

250

global tech companies


Cost of living

Property prices
  • Apartment rent (small) in City Centre € 1,508 
  • Apartment (small) Outside of Centre € 1,253 
  • Apartment (big) in City Centre € 2,661
  • Apartment (big) Outside of Centre € 2,087
Utilities (monthy)
  • Basic (Electricity, Heating, Water, Garbage) for big apartment € 138
  • Internet € 51
Transportation
  • One-way Ticket (Local Transport) € 2.7
  • Monthly Pass (Regular Price) € 125 
  • Taxi 1km ride € 1.1
  • Gasoline (1 liter) € 1.4 
Food & Restaraunts
  • The average food basket € 38                                                                                                                                                                                         milk (1 liter), 1 bread (500g), eggs (12), local cheese (1kg), chicken breasts (1kg), apples (1kg), potato (1kg), water (1,5 liter), a bottle of wine, domestic beer (0,5l bottle)
  • Lunch € 15
  • Meal for 2 People, Mid-range Restaurant, Three-course € 60
  • Beer € 5
  • Cappuccino (regular) € 3 
  • Coke/Pepsi (0,33 liter bottle) € 1.6
Sports and leisure
  • Fitness Club, Monthly Fee for 1 Adult € 42 
  • Cinema, International Release, 1 Seat € 12 

Healthcare

There are many hospitals and medical research universities in Dublin. The most famous hospital is St. Vincent’s University Hospital. It is common in Dublin that at first you have to visit your family doctor. Expats have to know that they have to pay for services. For instance, you can be charged around €60 for a consultation. Citizens of the EEA and Switzerland can receive some healthcare services free of charge. 

There is Drugs Payment Scheme in Ireland. Under this program, you have to pay €144 each month for prescribed drugs or medicines for use by you and your family in that month. 

Healthcare in Ireland, as one of the best in the world, provides a big amount of services and can be private or public. Expats in Ireland are entitled to free public health services, which are funded by the government. But there are some services that are not completely free of charge and some problems with long waiting lists.

Private hospitals are not free and they are not operated by the state. Private health insurance provides much quicker access for non-emergencies. So near 50% of the Irish population is using this form of health insurance.

More about health care in Dublin


Education

Higher education in Ireland is provided mainly by 7 Universities, 14 Institutes of Technology, 7 Colleges and is financed mostly by the State.

There is a four-level educational system in Ireland: Bachelor's Degree (3-4 years), Master's Degree (min. 1 year), Doctorate (2 years), Higher Doctorate. Tuition costs in Ireland vary considerably in different institutions. For EU students Irish universities are free, but with "free fees" (a charge of € 3,000 ($ 3,194)). For non-EU students Irish universities fees start at € 9,750 ($ 10,380). 

More about education in Dublin
Universities, schools and colleges in Dublin


Climate

Dublin, as a city with a Maritime climate, is considered as a place with mild winters and cool summers. The average temperature in summer is 20°C (68°F) and in winter 9°C (49°F). Dublin is the driest city in the country, but still there are enough rains that are evenly distributed throughout the year.

 20°C

average summer temperature

C

average winter temperature


Safety

Dublin, as a safe city, has a safety level of 73% safe according to SafeAround’s rating and 49% according to Numbeo. As for the crime, Dublin is also safe for residents.

73/100

SafeAround

Safety Index

49/100

Numbeo

Safety Index


Economy

Dublin, as the country's economic hub, is the 10th richest city by personal income. A big number of multinational corporations are headquartered in this city. Microsoft, Google, Amazon, eBay, PayPal, Yahoo!, Facebook, Twitter have European headquarters and operational bases in Dublin. There is one interesting fact that Dublin is called the Silicon Valley of Europe, so it attracts a lot of highly skilled migrants.

1480

Minimum monthly salary

4116

Average monthly

salary


People

Expat communities are common in Dublin. There you can connect with other expats, find friends and help if needed. Here are some of them:

InterNations
Expat Meetups in Dublin

  • General

    Dublin, as the largest city in Ireland, is the capital of this country. Dublin is listed by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network (GaWC) as a global city. It is a center for education, administration, economy, and industry. There is one interesting fact that the city center is quite small, so it can be navigated by foot or by bike. The city has over 120 miles of cycle tracks. You can cycle from one side of the Dublin city to another in half an hour!

    10th

    richest city by personal income

    50%

    of the population is less than 25-years of age

    1200+

    startups

    250

    global tech companies

  • Cost of living

    Property prices
    • Apartment rent (small) in City Centre € 1,508 
    • Apartment (small) Outside of Centre € 1,253 
    • Apartment (big) in City Centre € 2,661
    • Apartment (big) Outside of Centre € 2,087
    Utilities (monthy)
    • Basic (Electricity, Heating, Water, Garbage) for big apartment € 138
    • Internet € 51
    Transportation
    • One-way Ticket (Local Transport) € 2.7
    • Monthly Pass (Regular Price) € 125 
    • Taxi 1km ride € 1.1
    • Gasoline (1 liter) € 1.4 
    Food & Restaraunts
    • The average food basket € 38                                                                                                                                                                                         milk (1 liter), 1 bread (500g), eggs (12), local cheese (1kg), chicken breasts (1kg), apples (1kg), potato (1kg), water (1,5 liter), a bottle of wine, domestic beer (0,5l bottle)
    • Lunch € 15
    • Meal for 2 People, Mid-range Restaurant, Three-course € 60
    • Beer € 5
    • Cappuccino (regular) € 3 
    • Coke/Pepsi (0,33 liter bottle) € 1.6
    Sports and leisure
    • Fitness Club, Monthly Fee for 1 Adult € 42 
    • Cinema, International Release, 1 Seat € 12 
  • Healthcare

    There are many hospitals and medical research universities in Dublin. The most famous hospital is St. Vincent’s University Hospital. It is common in Dublin that at first you have to visit your family doctor. Expats have to know that they have to pay for services. For instance, you can be charged around €60 for a consultation. Citizens of the EEA and Switzerland can receive some healthcare services free of charge. 

    There is Drugs Payment Scheme in Ireland. Under this program, you have to pay €144 each month for prescribed drugs or medicines for use by you and your family in that month. 

    Healthcare in Ireland, as one of the best in the world, provides a big amount of services and can be private or public. Expats in Ireland are entitled to free public health services, which are funded by the government. But there are some services that are not completely free of charge and some problems with long waiting lists.

    Private hospitals are not free and they are not operated by the state. Private health insurance provides much quicker access for non-emergencies. So near 50% of the Irish population is using this form of health insurance.

    More about health care in Dublin

  • Education

    Higher education in Ireland is provided mainly by 7 Universities, 14 Institutes of Technology, 7 Colleges and is financed mostly by the State.

    There is a four-level educational system in Ireland: Bachelor's Degree (3-4 years), Master's Degree (min. 1 year), Doctorate (2 years), Higher Doctorate. Tuition costs in Ireland vary considerably in different institutions. For EU students Irish universities are free, but with "free fees" (a charge of € 3,000 ($ 3,194)). For non-EU students Irish universities fees start at € 9,750 ($ 10,380). 

    More about education in Dublin
    Universities, schools and colleges in Dublin

  • Climate

    Dublin, as a city with a Maritime climate, is considered as a place with mild winters and cool summers. The average temperature in summer is 20°C (68°F) and in winter 9°C (49°F). Dublin is the driest city in the country, but still there are enough rains that are evenly distributed throughout the year.

     20°C

    average summer temperature

    C

    average winter temperature

  • Safety

    Dublin, as a safe city, has a safety level of 73% safe according to SafeAround’s rating and 49% according to Numbeo. As for the crime, Dublin is also safe for residents.

    73/100

    SafeAround

    Safety Index

    49/100

    Numbeo

    Safety Index

  • Economy

    Dublin, as the country's economic hub, is the 10th richest city by personal income. A big number of multinational corporations are headquartered in this city. Microsoft, Google, Amazon, eBay, PayPal, Yahoo!, Facebook, Twitter have European headquarters and operational bases in Dublin. There is one interesting fact that Dublin is called the Silicon Valley of Europe, so it attracts a lot of highly skilled migrants.

    1480

    Minimum monthly salary

    4116

    Average monthly

    salary

  • People

    Expat communities are common in Dublin. There you can connect with other expats, find friends and help if needed. Here are some of them:

    InterNations
    Expat Meetups in Dublin

Ireland
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