There are three types of Higher Education Institutions in Germany such as: Universities, Universities of Applied Sciences, Universities of Art/Music. Currently, Germany is adapting higher education to the three cycle degree system, which is common for the European Higher Education Area. In this country Bachelor's and Master's degrees are available.
Moreover, public universities in Germany are free, but all the student have to pay semester fee which is between € 150 and € 350 ($ 160 and $ 370).
School attendance in Germany is compulsory (homeschooling is illegal). There are different kinds of secondary schools in different regions but, in general, we can name five options:
1) Gymnasium (until 12th grade with Abitur as exit exam);
2) Fachoberschule (admission after grade ten until grade twelve);
3) Realschule (until grade ten);
4) Mittelschule (the least academic, until grade nine);
5) Gesamtschule (comprehensive school).
In Germany Kindergartens are not the part of school system. In this country prices and costs vary according to region. There are different ways of childcare options in the Germany:
1) Kinderkrippe (for little kids up to three years);
2) Kindergarten (for children between 3–6 years);
3) Kitas (after-school and pre-school activities for children up to 11 or 12 years);
4) Schulhort (for primary school students who need after-school daycare).
It is required in Germany to be insured. There is a dual system of insurance in Germany: compulsory and private. Compulsory insurance it is when the amount of money you pay depends on your income (14.6% of your income). Generally, 7.3% will be automatically deducted from your salary. Your employer covers the remaining fee.
For private insurance you pay an amount depending on your age and health. Furthermore, you have to take private insurance if your salary is higher than € 56,250 ($ 60,070) per year.
The minimum gross salary per year for highly skilled migrants is € 50,800 ($ 54,250).