8 Best Tech Cities in the World

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The rapid growth of technology has led to the formation of several key cities around the globe that stand out as leaders in technological innovation and entrepreneurship. According to a KPMG survey, the number of tech executives who believe in the importance of a physical tech hub is double of those who don't. The emergence of these tech hubs is supported by several critical factors, including state-of-the-art infrastructure, a skilled workforce, demographic advantages and government policies to foster a conducive environment for these businesses.

Each of these cities bring its unique contributions to the global tech state through specialisations like AI, big data, fintech and beyond. The global tech scene is becoming more diverse and dynamic as the years go on, setting the stage for an exploration of these tech cities and what makes them the tech hubs that they are. With that said, let's take a look at the world's best tech cities.


1. London

No. of tech workers: Over 2 million

Valuation of tech scene: $364 billion

Notable tech companies: Revolut, Wise, Monzo

Average developer pay: $65,000 per year

The bustling capital of the United Kingdom is one of the world's leading tech cities, even rivalling the likes of Silicon Valley in its capacity for innovation and growth within the tech industry. London's tech scene is vast and vibrant, encompassing a wide range of sectors from fintech to edtech and clean energy, making it a magnet for talent seeking to move to the UK for tech jobs.

London's position as a tech hub is bolstered by a range of initiatives designed to support tech companies and startups. The UK government, along with private sector partners, has put in place a number of tax incentives aimed at encouraging investment in tech startups and scale-ups. For example, scenes like the Enterprise Investment Scheme (EIS) and the Seed Enterprise Investment Scheme (SEIS) offer tax reliefs to investors in qualifying companies, making it more attractive to fund innovation.

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2. Bay Area

No. of tech workers: Over 400,000

Valuation of tech scene: $2.4 trillion

Notable tech companies: Google, Meta, Twitter, OpenAI, Anthropic

Average developer pay: $125,000 per year

San Francisco's tech landscape is deeply influenced by the neighbouring Silicon Valley's culture of innovation and entrepreneurship. This synergy has historically attracted an abundance of venture capital, fueling the growth of startups and established tech companies alike. The Bay Area's ability to draw and nurture top talent is further supported by its world-class educational institutions and a vibrant ecosystem encouraging innovation.

The city's tech sector continues to thrive despite challenges, including high operational costs and shifts towards remote work. Its enduring appeal lies in the concentration of tech talent, the presence of leading tech companies, and an environment that fosters technological advancements and entrepreneurship. Venture capital remains abundant, underpinning the city's reputation as a startup haven and supporting San Fran's position at the forefront of tech innovation.


3. Boston

No. of tech workers: More than 272,000

Valuation of tech scene: $357 billion

Notable tech companies: Boston Dynamics, HubSpot

Average developer pay: $100,000 per year

Boston benefits immensely from the presence of world-class institutions like the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), which not only fosters a culture of innovation but also continuously supplies the tech industry with fresh talent. These institutions are central to Boston's leading position in health tech and biotech, offering a rich partnership environment between academia and industry. 

The city's tech sector is truly influenced by its academic institutions, which contribute to a vibrant ecosystem where innovation thrives. Its historical academic excellence and cutting-edge industry developments make it a unique and thriving environment for tech professionals and companies. Boston's focus on emerging technologies and its significant economic contribution underscores its role as a central hub for technological advancement, particularly in fields that demand high levels of research and development, like robotics and AI.


4. Zurich

No. of tech workers: 242,600 (Switzerland)

Valuation of tech scene: $30 billion

Notable tech companies: SevenSprings, Avrios

Average developer pay: $110,000 per year

Known for its picturesque landscapes and high quality of life, the global financial centre of Zurich has become a global tech hub in recent years, especially in fintech and biotech. This Swiss city stands out for its combination of innovative tech development and high quality of life, unsurprisingly attracting top talent from around the world. Plus, with a strong presence of tech giants like Microsoft and IBM and its competitive salaries, Zurich offers a thriving environment for professionals in the tech industry.

The equilibrium between innovation and quality of life is a compelling argument for why Zurich continues to thrive as a tech hub. It offers a holistic environment where professionals can achieve career milestones while enjoying a life that is rich in cultural and recreational opportunities. This, combined with strategic initiatives to support the tech industry (including initiatives for space tech), ensures that Zurich stays ahead of technological advancements.

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5. Austin

No. of tech workers: 270,000

Valuation of tech scene: $70 billion

Notable tech companies: Workrise, Indeed

Average developer pay: $87,000 per year

In recent years, Austin has become a magnet for tech talent and companies, reflecting its dynamic growth in the tech sector. Today, it's one of the leading tech hubs in the US, attracting massive names like Tesla, Facebook and Amazon to add HQs there.

The city's vibrant culture and creativity are integral to its identity, fueling innovation across tech sectors. Austin's unique blend of artistic expression, entrepreneurial spirit, and technological innovation creates a fertile ground for tech companies to thrive. From the renowned South by Southwest (SXSW) festival, which blends music, film, and digital technology, to numerous tech meetups and conferences, Austin provides ample opportunities for networking, collaboration, and inspiration.


6. Singapore

No. of tech workers: Over 200,000

Valuation of tech scene: Approx. $128 billion

Notable tech companies: Grab, Sea, Carousell, BandLab

Average developer pay: $47,000 per year

Singapore's journey into tech is a compelling story of strategic vision and meticulous execution. Known for its ambitious goal to become Asia's Silicon Valley, Singapore has leveraged its prime geographical location and proactive government support to create a fertile ground for tech innovation and growth. The Singaporean government's role cannot be overstated; through a combination of policies, incentives and investments such as Smart Nation, it has actively nurtured the city-state's tech ecosystem.

The innovation ecosystem in Singapore is further bolstered by its world-class infrastructure, which includes high-speed internet, a robust legal system and a highly skilled workforce. These elements are crucial for tech companies that rely on seamlessly integrating digital and physical realms to innovate and grow. The presence of top-tier universities and research institutions, such as the National University of Singapore, also adds to its ecosystem, providing a steady pipeline of talent and cutting-edge research to fuel innovation.


7. Berlin

No. of tech workers: Around 102,000

Valuation of tech scene: Approx $100 billion

Notable tech companies: N26, Zalando, Delivery Hero

Average developer pay: $56,000 per year

Berlin, steeped in history and known for its dynamic arts culture, has become a leading destination for tech entrepreneurs and startups, drawing on its unique blend of creativity and tech innovation to foster a distinctive ecosystem. Here, creativity is the currency, and technology is the medium through which ideas are brought to life. It's definitely worthwhile to move to Germany as a software engineer, purely for the tech culture itself.

The tech startup culture in Berlin is not just about the sheer number of new companies; it's about the spirit that pervades the city. This environment encourages a level of innovation that attracts talent from across the globe, eager to be part of a community where boundaries of tech are constantly being pushed. Supporting this culture is Berlin's regulatory framework, providing a fertile ground for startups to thrive. The German government, recognising the economic potential of the tech sector, has implemented policies aimed at supporting growth and innovation — including financial incentives, simplified bureaucratic processes and resources for international companies looking to establish themselves in Berlin.

Browse software engineer jobs in Berlin here


8. Tel Aviv

No. of tech workers: Over 182,000

Valuation of tech scene: Approx. $235 billion

Notable tech companies: Wix, Mobileye, IronSource

Average developer pay: $77,000 per year

Often referred to as the 'Silicon Wadi', Tel Aviv is a testament to Israel's remarkable journey in the global tech landscape. This vibrant city on the Mediterranean coast is at the heart of Israel's tech boom, characterised by an innovative spirit that permeates its sculpture, economy and society. Government policies actively support the growth of the tech sector through incentives for R&D, investment in startups and facilitation of venture capital funding.

The city's success as a tech hub is fuelled by a combination of entrepreneurial spirit, robust government support, and a highly educated workforce. Tel Aviv's tech sector benefits from Israel's national emphasis on science and technology education, as well as from compulsory military service, which often includes advanced technical training. This unique blend of experiences equips individuals with a diverse set of skills and a problem-solving mindset that is invaluable in tech.



It's clear that the world is brimming with dynamic tech cities, each with its unique blend of culture, technology and visionary minds. From the fintech haven of London to the creative sanctum of Berlin, these hubs have become vibrant communities pushing the boundaries of what's possible in tech. They are testaments to human ingenuity, where ideas and ambition drive the future of our world, driven by capital and government incentives.

If you're keen on starting a new adventure in one of these tech hubs, start by finding a tech job abroad here.

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